(above picture)307th Medical Co
Silver Star Recipient
Pfc Manley J Merrill
The 307th Medical Company
n 5 August 1917 the 307th Sanitary Train was
constituted in the National Army and assigned to the 82nd Infantry Division.
The unit was organized in Camp Gordon, Georgia, on 20 September 1917, to aid in the support
of World War I. For their efforts during World War I the 307th earned three campaign
streamers, for St. Mihiell, Meuse-Argonne and Lorraine.
On 9 May 1919 the 307th was demobilized at Camp Dix, New
Jersey. After nearly 17 years the 307th was reconstituted on 24 November 1936 in the
Organized Reserves as the 307th Sanitary Train. The 307th was again assigned
to the 82nd Division and concurrently consolidated with the 307th Medical
In October 1941 the location of the unit changed to Jacksonville, Florida.
On 30 January 1942 the 307th Sanitary Train was redesignated as the 307th Medical
Battalion and ordered onto active status on 25 March 1942 and sent to Camp Claiborne, Louisiana.
On 15 August 1942, Headquarters and Headquarters Company became the 307th
Airborne Medical Company as an element of the 82nd Airborne Division. Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, and Delta
companies were concurrently inactivated in Camp Claiborne, Louisiana.
In 1943 the 307th made their first combat jump with the 82nd
Airborne Division completing three combat jumps into Sicily where they set up a medical clearing
station. For eleven days the 307th clearing station was the only American medical service
available in Naples.
The 307th participated in "Operation Overlord" jumping and
landing by glider into Normandy, France hastily constructing a shelter and treating over 4,000
In September the 307th jumped into Holland where they set up a clearing
station in an open field near Grosbeek. Four medical teams worked around the clock to maintain
medical service during a ten-day period.
Then during the
famous "Battle of the Bulge" the 307th established a clearing station in Belgium and later moved it
to Cologne, Germany.
The 307th earned six combat streamers for their service in World War II. Three were presented with
arrowheads for assaults. Other decorations include the Presidential Unit Citation, the Meritorious
Unit Commendation, three French Croix de Guerre with palm, the Belgium Fourregere, Military Order of William
and the Netherlands Orange Lanyard.
On 15 December 1947 the unit was reorganized and reconstituted as Headquarters and
Headquarters Company, 307th Medical Battalion with organic units concurrently activated at
Ft Bragg, North Carolina.
On 18 May 1948 the unit became the 307th Airborne Medical
Battalion and on 15 November 1948 was withdrawn from the Organized Reserves and allotted to the Regular Army.
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