101st Airborne Division

....... "The soldier is the army."

................................. ......General George S. Patton

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Bronze Star Recipient
Capt Jacob Pearl
1/Lt George V Evans
1/Lt Everett C Vogt

101st Airborne WW II
Medal of Honor Recipients

  Lt Col Robert G Cole

Pfc Joe E. Mann

The 326th Medical Company - 101st Airborne Division
Reports (After Action Report) - Unit Combat History (Normandy)

After Action Report for the 326th Airborne Medical Company

SOURCE:      National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD
                    Record Group 112, Box3:
                    History of the 326th Airborne Medical Company, 101st Airborne Division.

HEADQUARTERS 326th Airborne Medical Company
APO 472
U.S. Army

18 October 1944


    The 326th Airborne Medical Company was committed to action in the Normandy Campaign in a three fold manner - by parachute, glider, and sea on D-Dayy.

    The parachute elements were committed directly with the regiment which they were to support. The glider elements were divided into two waves - the first landed directly after the parachutists; the second in the night of D-Day.  The majority of the company came in by sea in the assault wave across the beach.

    Due to the scattered formations in which the troops initially found themselves the parachute and glider elements established first aid posts in the vicinity of the landing fields and began the treatment of casualties.

    In the early morning hours of D-Day Major Albert. J. Crandall, Burlington, Vermont, senior officer of the surgical team attached to the Medical Company established himself and his group of officers, and men in the Chateau Columbierés, near Hiesville, France.  He was subsequently joined at approximately 1300 by Captain E. Curtis Yeary, of Elmore City, Oklahoma. The bulk of the Medical Company led by Major William E. Barfield, of Atlanta, Georgia, arrived at the Chateau Columbierés at 1700 on D-Day.

    Captain Willis P. McKee, of Eminence, Kentucky, jumped by parachute at the head of his section, established an aid station on his jump field, and joined the company at 2300 on 7 June 1944.

    Captain Alfred  M. Slotta, 4104 N. Major Ave., Chicago, Illinois, who had jumped by parachute at the head of his section, had continued working with the regiment which he was supporting and joined the company on Thursday 8 June 1944 at 1400. Although Captain Slotta had fractured his right ankle at the time of the jump, he continued in the performance of his duties and was not evacuated until 24 June 1944.

    Captain Walter W. Meyers, of Colome, South Dakota, after jumping with his section was cut off from the remainder of the division for three (3) days and after establishing his aid station began treating casualties.  Captain Meyers rejoined this organization on 8 June 1944 at 2100.

    First Sergeant Otis C. Banker, 7205 South Ada  Street, Chicago, Illinois was dropped at Fontenay Sur Mer and after contacting Private Bruscato and PFC Clerk made his way twenty three (23) miles thru the enemy lines to reach the company at 1500 9 June 1944.

    At 1600 9 June 1944 contact was made between the Medical Company and the 564th Collecting Company, and the first casualties were started forward to the beach for evacuation.

    The Hospital was dive bombed by an enemy plane at 2335 the night of 9 June 1944 and two direct hits were scored on the station. One crater produced by a delayed action bomb was seventy feet across and 65 feet deep. The treatment of casualties was necessarily interrupted, and the next day the unit moved into a new location, at which time the treatment of casualties proceeded again in a normal manner. The Company operated in this locality until it moved with  the division to Cherbourg.


    During the stay at Cherbourg, the Company operated a station but was more or less static since the division was on a guard status and casualties were only sporadic and few.

    On 10 July 1944 the company moved again to the vicinity of St. Marie Du Mont preparatory to being shipped back to England.  The unit loaded on the L.S.T. at 2200 on the night of 11 July 1944 and spent the night lying off shore. The next morning at 1100 we sailed for England and docked at Southampton at 2300. Thence by  train to our billets at Templeton House and Standen Manor arriving at 0200 13 July 1944.

    The 326th Airborne Medical Company was committed on its present mission in two waves. The first wave, consisting of six CG-4A glider loads transporting, two (2) trucks 1/4 ton, and two (2) trailers, and fifty two (52) personnel, under the Command of Major William E. Barfield, departed from Ramsbury Airport at 1030 and landed at Zon, Holland at 1345 17 September 1944. Among the fifty two (52) personnel in the first wave were the members of the  Auxiliary Surgical Team who had accompanied the unit into France on the Normandy invasion. Also with the unit was Major Joseph Witter, of Detroit, Michigan, the senior officer of another surgical Team attached to the unit. The second wave consisting of fifty four (54) CG-4A glider loads transporting thirty one (31) trucks 1/4 ton, twenty three (23) 1/4 ton trailers and two hundred nineteen (219) personnel under the Command of Captain Willis P. McKee, of Eminence, Kentucky, departed Welford Airdrome at 1125 and landed at Zon, Holland at 1410 18 September 1944.

    The flight was made without incident on the part of both waves except for light to moderate "flack", encountered in route to the glider landing zone. No personnel were wounded while in the air,  no loads were lost, and all equipment arrived in the glider landing zone in serviceable condition.

    In the initial wave the two trailers were loaded with two ward tents and the necessary equipment to set up two operating tables, electrical power, in the form of two field generators, were also transported in these two loads.

    The gliders were unloaded immediately and no difficulty was encountered in getting the equipment out of the gliders. The treatment of casualties was begun immediately by the officer personnel while the enlisted personnel ware setting up a temporary station at the southern portion of the glider landing field. Casualties began arriving at the station at 1500. By 1700 the tents were in full operation, and the first surgical operations were being performed.

    At 1800 the hospital at Zon, Holland was taken over by the company, and the equipment and personnel was moved in by 1900. The treatment of casualties was carried on then under ideal conditions. By 2400 17 September l944 107 casualties had been admitted to the station.

    The second wave was met as it came in on the glider landing zone on 18 September 1944,  began the immediate treatment of landing casualties, was assembled and arrived at the hospital at 1600.

    The litter bearer and ambulance sections were sent to the respective regiments the night of 18 September 1944.

    By the morning of 19 September 1944, contact had been established with the combat troops at Vechel, and the attached platoon of the 50th Field Hospital, under the Command of Major John L. Sharp, of [blank] was sent to establish a station at Vechel.  On the afternoon of 19 September 1944 the 493rd Medical Collecting Company, under the Command of 1st Lt.  James L. Fearon, of Cincinnati, Ohio, established contact with the company at 1500, and at 1610 sixty (60) walking wounded were evacuated to the 24th Evacuation Hospital. At 1800 S/Sgt. Joseph Dugo, Chicago, Illinois, arrived at the station with the remaining ambulances of the 493rd Medical Collecting Company.


    Due to the moving of traffic north, no further evacuation to the south was accomplished until 0615 20 September 1944 at which time evacuation to the rear from Zon, was non-interrupted. During the 20th of September the unit had 30 ambulances and 14 2 ˝  ton trucks available for evacuation to the rear. Since that time this unit has had 10 ambulances for evacuation.

    On 21 September 1944 at 1500 one surgical team was sent to Vechel to assist the platoon of the 50th Field Hospital located there. This unit remained at Vechel until 14 October 1944 at which time it was moved to Nijmegen, Holland.

    On 25 September 1944 at approximately 1600 the road between St. Oedenrode and Vechel was cut by the enemy.  Evacuation from Vechel south was uninterrupted since then.

    On 3 October reconnaissance of the Nijmegen area was made prior to moving the company to this area. On 14 October the platoon of the 50th Field Hospital was moved to Nijmegen and the following day was sent across the Waal River to establish a station and support the troops located there.

    On 5 October the Medical Company was moved to Nijmegen to establish and operate a hospital in the Nijmegen Area. The first casualties were received at the new location at approximately 0900 6 October. The company has continued to operate in its present locality since 6 October 1944.

    During the period of 17 September to 17 October 1944 the company has treated a total of 2020 patients.


Major, M.C.,

R E L A T E D   B O O K S

Ambrose, Stephen E D-DAY June 6,1944: The Climatic Battle of WW II. 6/93, Simon & Shuster ISBN: 0671673343
Ambrose, Stephen E Band of Brothers: E Company, 506th Regiment, 101st Airborne from Normandy to Hitler's Eagle's Nest. Simon & Schuster, (June 2001) 336 p. ISBN: 0-743-21638-5
Ambrose, Stephen E Citizen Soldiers: The U.S. Army from the Normandy Beaches to the Bulge to the Surrender of Germany, June 7, 1944-May 7, 1945. Simon & Schuster, (Nov 1997) 528 p. ISBN: 0-684-81525-7
Badsey, Stephen & Chandler, David G (Editor)  Arnhem 1944: Operation "Market Garden" (Campaign No.24) 1993 96p. ISBN: 1855323028
Bando, Mark A  Avenging Eagles: Forbidden tales of the 101st Airborne in World War 2. Bando Publishing, (2006) 183 p. ISBN: 0977911705
Bando, Mark A  101st Airborne: The Screaming Eagles at Normandy. Zenith Press, (Apr 2001) 156 p. ISBN: 0760308551
Bando, Mark A  Vanguard of the Crusade: The US 101st Airborne Division in WW II. The Aberjona Press, (June 2003) 320 p. ISBN: 0971765006
Black, Wallace B.& Blashfield, Jean F. Battle of the Bulge (World War II 50th Anniversary Series). Crestwood House, 48 pp May,1993 ISBN: 0896865681
Bowen, Robert Fighting With the Screaming Eagles: With the 101st Airborne from Normandy to Bastogne. Greenhill Books/Lionel Leventhal, (Sept 2001) 256 p. ISBN: 1853674656
Breuer, William B Geronimo! American Paratroopers in WWII. New York: St. Martin Press, (1989) 621 p.
ISBN: 0-312-03350-8

Breuer, William B Unexplained Mysteries of World War II. John Wiley & Sons, Sept 1998 256 p. ISBN:0471291072
Burgett, Donald R Currahee!. Presidio Press, (Sept 1999) 256 p. ISBN: 0-891-41681-1
D'Este, Carlo  Patton: A Genius for War 1024 pp ISBN: 0060927623
De Trez, Michel  American Warriors: Pictorial History of the American Paratroopers Prior to Normandy  July, 1998, D-Day Pub, 212 p. ISBN: 2960017609
De Trez, Michel  Cpl Forrest Guth: E Company 506 PIR 101st Airborne Division (WW II American Paratroopers Portrait Series)  March, 2002, D-Day Pub, 56 p. ISBN: 296001765X
De Trez, Michel  Orange is the Color of the Day: Pictorial History of the American Paratroopers in the Invasion of Holland April, 2004, D-Day Pub, 506 p. ISBN: 2960017633
De Trez, Michel  At the Point of No Return : Pictorial History of the American Paratroopers in the Invasion of Normandy 7/98, D-Day Pub, 200 p. ISBN: 2960017617
Devlin, Gerard S  Paratrooper! St Martin's Press, (P) c1976 ISBN: 0312596529
Gavin, James M.  On to Berlin : Battles of an Airborne Commander, 1943-1946 ISBN: 0670525170
Golden, Lewis Echoes From Arnhem Penguin ISBN: 0718305213
MacDonald, Charles B  A Time For Trumpets: The Untold Story of the Battle of the Bulge Wm Morrow & Co (P), 720 p. ISBN: 068151574
McKenzie, John  On Time, On Target Novato, CA: Presidio, May 15,2000. 304 p. ISBN: 089 141 714 1
Ryan, Cornelius  A Bridge Too Far 670p. ISBN: 0684803305
Webster, David Kenyon Parachute Infantry: An American Paratrooper's Memoir of D- Day and the Fall of the Third Reich 352p. ISBN: 0385336497
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