....... "The soldier is the army."

................................. ......General George S. Patton

Unit History
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The 307th Airborne Medical Company - Pocket Patch
(above picture)
307th Medical Co
Pocket Patch

Silver Star Recipient
Pfc Manley J Merrill

The 307th Medical Company
Unit History

n 5 August 1917 the 307th Sanitary Train was constituted in the National Army and assigned to the 82nd Infantry Division. The unit was organized in Camp Gordon, Georgia, on 20 September 1917, to aid in the support of World War I. For their efforts during World War I the 307th earned three campaign streamers, for St. Mihiell, Meuse-Argonne and Lorraine.

On 9 May 1919 the 307th was demobilized at Camp Dix, New Jersey. After nearly 17 years the 307th was reconstituted on 24 November 1936 in the Organized Reserves as the 307th Sanitary Train. The 307th was again assigned to the 82nd Division and concurrently consolidated with the 307th Medical Regiment (Active).

In October 1941 the location of the unit changed to Jacksonville, Florida. On 30 January 1942 the 307th Sanitary Train was redesignated as the 307th Medical Battalion and ordered onto active status on 25 March 1942 and sent to Camp Claiborne, Louisiana.

On 15 August 1942, Headquarters and Headquarters Company became the 307th Airborne Medical Company as an element of the 82nd Airborne Division. Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, and Delta companies were concurrently inactivated in Camp Claiborne, Louisiana.

In 1943 the 307th made their first combat jump with the 82nd Airborne Division completing three combat jumps into Sicily where they set up a medical clearing station. For eleven days the 307th clearing station was the only American medical service available in Naples.

The 307th participated in "Operation Overlord" jumping and landing by glider into Normandy, France hastily constructing a shelter and treating over 4,000 casualties.

In September the 307th jumped into Holland where they set up a clearing station in an open field near Grosbeek. Four medical teams worked around the clock to maintain medical service during a ten-day period.

Then during the famous "Battle of the Bulge" the 307th established a clearing station in Belgium and later moved it to Cologne, Germany.

The 307th earned six combat streamers for their service in World War II. Three were presented with arrowheads for assaults. Other decorations include the Presidential Unit Citation, the Meritorious Unit Commendation, three French Croix de Guerre with palm, the Belgium Fourregere, Military Order of William and the Netherlands Orange Lanyard.

On 15 December 1947 the unit was reorganized and reconstituted as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 307th Medical Battalion with organic units concurrently activated at Ft Bragg, North Carolina.

On 18 May 1948 the unit became the 307th Airborne Medical Battalion and on 15 November 1948 was withdrawn from the Organized Reserves and allotted to the Regular Army.

R E L A T E D   B O O K S

Astor, Gerald  A Blood-Dimmed Tide: The Battle of the Bulge by the Men Who Fought It. Mass Market Paperback, 1994 ISBN: 0440215749
Badsey , Stephen & Chandler, David G (Editor)  Arnhem 1944: Operation "Market Garden" (Campaign No.24) 1993 96p. ISBN: 1855323028
Black, Wallace B.& Blashfield, Jean F. Battle of the Bulge (World War II 50th Anniversary Series). Crestwood House, 48 pp May,1993 ISBN: 0896865681
Breuer, William B Geronimo! American Paratroopers in WWII. New York: St. Martin Press, 1989 621 p. ISBN: 0-312-03350-8
Breuer, William B Drop Zone Sicily: Allied Airborne Strike,July 1943. Novato, CA: Presidio, c1983. 212 p. ISBN: 089 141 1968
Breuer, William B  They Jumped at Midnight Jove Publishing, (P) c1990 ISBN: 0515104256
Burriss, T Moffatt  Strike and Hold: A Memoir of the 82nd Airborne in WW II Brasseys, Inc, 256 pp August,2000 ISBN: 1574882589
D'Este, Carlonbsp; Decision in Normandy William S Konnecky Assc(P), 560 p. ISBN: 1568522606
D'Este, Carlo  Patton: A Genius for War 1024 pp ISBN: 0060927623
Falerios, Kenton J.  Give Me Something I Can't Do: The History of the 82nd Military Police Company, WW 1 to Iraq Nov 2007, Authorhouse, 192 p ISBN: 1434337197
Gavin, James M.  On to Berlin : Battles of an Airborne Commander, 1943-1946 ISBN: 0670525170
Hastings, Max Overlord: D-Day and the Battle for Normandy Simon and Shuster(JUV), 396 p. ISBN: 0671554352
Keegan, John The Second World War Penguin (P), 708 p. ISBN: 014011341X
Keegan, John Six Armies in Normandy: From D-Day to the Liberation of Paris Penguin USA(P), 365 p. ISBN: 0140235426
MacDonald, Charles B  A Time For Trumpets: The Untold Story of the Battle of the Bulge Wm Morrow & Co (P), 720 p. ISBN: 068151574
Messina , Phillip Anzio: Song of Destiny A.G.Halldin Publishing Company, 1992. ISBN: 0 935 64838 0
O'Donnell, Patrick K. Beyond Valor  Free Press, 2001, 384 p. ISBN: 0684873842
Ryan, Cornelius  The Longest Day Touchstone Books (P), 350 p. ISBN: 0671890913
Ryan, Cornelius  A Bridge Too Far 670p. ISBN: 0684803305
The Center of Military History  The War in the Mediterranean: A WWII Pictorial History Brasseys, Inc., 465 p. ISBN:1574881302
Verier, Mike  82nd Airborne Division in Colour Photographs  (Europa Militaria, No 9) ISBN: 187 200 4857
Wildman, John B All Americans 82nd Airborne. Meadowlands Militaria, 6/83 ISBN:091 208 1007

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