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Silver Star Recipients
Pfc Raymond S Atkinson
Pfc Mervin A Schommer
The 194th Glider Infantry Regiment
Reports (After Action Report)


After Action Report for the 194th Glider Infantry Regiment

My thanks to the people at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) for the following documentation. I have reproduced the document as true to the original as I could. A glossary of acronyms and terms is provided at the end of this document.

This document is an hour-by-hour account of the 194th GIR's time in the Ardennes, January 1945.
Send comments to: Bill Tom (airborne17@juno.com and/or Talon17AB@aol.com)




HEADQUARTERS

194th GLIDER INFANTRY

A.P.O. 452, c/o PM, NY, NY

2 February 1945

SUBJECT: Action Against Enemy, Reports After

TO: Commanding General, 17th Airborne Division, APO 452

c/o Postmaster, New York, NY.

TIME

INCIDENTS, MESSAGES, ORDERS,ETC.

 

ACTION TAKEN

19 Dec 44 Ogbourne St. George England

0600

Received movement orders from Division.

20 Dec 44 Ogbourne St. George England

0800

Advance party and 1st serial left Ogbourne St. George, England for marshalling area at Ramsbury Field, England.

 

 

1800

 

 

21 Dec 44 Ogbourne St. George England

2400

Movement temporarily held up by adverse weather.

 

 

22 Dec 44 Ogbourne St. George England

1600

Second serial left camp for marshalling area at Ramsbury Field, England.

   

1600

Third Battalion left Aldbourne, England for marshalling area at Chalgrove, England.

   

23 Dec 44 Ogbourne St. George England

2400

Movement temporarily held up by adverse weather.

   

24 Dec 44 Ramsbury Field, England

1000

First serial left marshalling area for Camp Mourmelon, France.

   

25 Dec 44 Ramsbury Field, England

0800

Third serial left Ogbourne St. George, England for marshalling area at Ramsbury Field, England.

   

26 Dec 44 Ramsbury Field, England

1500

Second serial left Ramsbury Field, England for Camp Mourmelon, France.

   

27 Dec 44 Ramsbury Field, England

0900

Third Battalion left Chalgrove Field, England for Camp Mourmelon, France.

   

1000

Third serial left Ramsbury Field, England for Camp Mourmelon, France.

   

2400

Second Battalion left Camp Mourmelon, France for Sedan France.

   

28 Dec 44 Tannay, France

0630

Hq Co & S-1 arrived at Tannay and set up temporary CP. Departed Camp Mourmelon, France at 0300. Approximate distance traveled 60 miles.

   

0800

S-4 went to Charleyville in connection with ammunition and other supplies.

   

0835

Third Battalion moved forward from Camp Mourmelon to Raucort, France.

   

0930

S-2 and S-3 arrived at Raucort, France from Camp Mourmelon, France.

   

1000

Captain Hunter left Tannay, France with billeting party.

   

1230

Service Company moved forward to Flaba, France from Tannay, France.

   

1330

S-4 moved forward to Raucort from Tannay, France.

   

1400

Third Bn moved forward from Raucort to Harcourt, France, and established CP.

   

1445

S-1 moved forward to Raucourt, France from Tannay, France. Distance travelled approx 10 mi.

   

1545

CP established at Raucourt, France.

   

1730

Col Pierce arrived and called Staff Meeting for 2000.

   

2140

Curfew for everyone in the town of Raucourt. Civilians must have a pass after 2100. Il pers authorized only in line of duty after this hour.

   

29 Dec 44 Raucourt, France

0815

Capt. Hunter left CP to locate and orient atchd orgns as to Regtl location and combat SO.P..

   

1110

Five plane loads not yet reported or located, contain Bn Hvy wpns and communications. Arr of a 3d French Bn in sector reported - contact not yet established. S-4 - 110 cans gasoline released RSO; all trucks released to unit; B baggage, unit CO responsibility; Div QM not yet set up.

 

1131

S-3 - 10,000 mines available at Ord Depot at Verdun.

 

1147

From 2d Bn: 2,000 mines needed immediately.

 

1210

S-4 - Conversed with Mayor, Raucourt, concerning requisitions.

   

1410

Capt Hunter conversed with Mayor of Raucourt concerning billets.

   

1430

RSO personnel arrived from Camp Mourmelon.

 

1700

S-4 held orgn S-4 meeting at CP.

 

1930

S-4 - Arrd with Col McCarty to furnish 4 trucks to 1st Bn daily, 10 trucks to 3d Bn daily.

   

2305

Lt Spira reported that Vouziers was bombed at 2030.

   

2355

1st Bn reported that an ME-109 passed. Flying NW approximately 1/2 mile N of Beaumont at 2355.

   

30 Dec 44 Raucourt, France

0005

Sent CIC representative to Mouzon to investigate suspects reported by 1st Battalion (S-3).

   

0800

Gen Phelps here to see Col Pierce.

 

1115

MPs brought in 6 PWs to betaken on to Div for interrogation.    

1130

Capt Cohen from 99th Gen Hosp Det at Regtl CP in connection with establishment and services of his men.

Capt Kormoyle fr Co C 726th MP Battalion rec'd orders to move to a new sector. Not attached to 194th anymore.

Police of Raucourt complained to S-2 that EM were removing chairs from Town Hall. Also wants Protestant services to be held in the Chaple rather than the Town Hall.

 

1335

Capt Colyet left for Div. G-2 meeting at 1600.

 

1410

Overlay of positions of 1st Battalion received. Lt Alcott on Bridge defense (S-3). .

   

1445

Battalion and Company Commanders notified of meeting with Col Pierce to be held at 2000.

6 PWs turned over to Div. Captured at Vouziers.

Gen Phelps here to see Col Pierce.

   

1450

Capt Hunter says that the Mayor of Raucourt has complained to CO about our troops town wood supply. This will stop immediately. Detail will report to S-4 tomorrow for purpose of getting wood for our troops. Mayor will show us where to obtain wood. Wood used by our troops thus far will be replaced.

 

1500

Chief of FFI at Regtl CP. RE: Contact 713th MPs to coordinate FFI patrols.

 

1530

11 EM and 2 Os picked up at Charleville who came in on late plane.

   

1615

Capt Connell wants to know if the two unserviceable tires for Amb will be replaced. Amb now out of action.

2nd Battalion inquired about ont complete additional unit of fire for arms. Wants tripod for MGA4, cleaning materials for weapons, additional 2-1/2 ton truck.

   

2000

Col Pierce held staff meeting. RE: Plans for battle. Col McCarty present, also Maj Dantel of French Inf Bn.

 

 

2250

1st Battalion wants engineer tools to help with defensive positions. .

   

31 Dec 44 Raucourt, France

0510

366th Engrs reported unidentified plane overhead at 0400. Reported to Div at 0515.

 

0825

2nd Battalion 6 PWs over to CIC.

 

0930

Capt Hunter informed by CO that Regt might use "Somewhere in France" on correspondance. Regtl mail clerks to be brought forward and establish post office; will handle outgoing mail. Possible that Div will deliver incoming mail.

 

1015

Major Davis from 366th here regarding pyrotechnic supplies.

Commo Officer requests requisition for 25 phones EE-8_B; wire W-110, 30 mi; switchboard BD 72 to be used in Regtl Def area. Requisition made and submitted by signal section. 2-1/2 ton truck furnished.

 

1030

Capt Hunter informed 3d Battalion that weapons would be carried at all times unless otherwise directed.

   

1045

Col Baily instructed that no vehicles would be parked in front of Regtl CP.

 

1100

A Staff Meeting will be held daily in the S-2 room at 1300 attended by the following: In addition to the regular staff, CO, Hq Co, CO, Sv Co; Commo O; Regtl Surgeon.

   

1240

Ch Coombs asked for the name of the cemetery in England where the men from the Glider accident were buried - for his Chaplain's report.

   

1245

Capt Hunter sent for Capt York. RE: Scheduled messenger service. Published in DB #92.

Sent O to Div to pick up 10 trucks for 3d Battalion in mobile reserve (S-4).

 

1430

Conferred with CO in regard to Engr tools (S-4).

   

1440

Sv Co, RSO, & Motor Pool moved into Raucourt, France.

 

1530

Atchd units will submit to us their daily G-1 reports which will be forwarded to Div with our own G-1 daily strength report. Report to be telephoned to Div between 2200 and 2300.

   

1610

M. Noiraux of the FFI at Haracourt with 2nd Battalion.

 

 

1620

Medics sent Ambulance to Muzon to evacuate flu case.

 

1804

Suspected enemy agent, Stephen Heumon, at Muzon. Taken to CIC at Sedan at 1830.

 

1845

From 1st Battalion: Flares 165 fr Beaumont at distance of 4 or 5 miles (S-3).

 

 

1910

Lt Spira left for Div to obtain Engr tools.

   

1945

From 1st Battalion: White star cluster observed by "D" Co at 1745. Btry "C" Lucky observed same incident at same time.

   

2030

Flares observed at Rouffy by Ch Cartee.

Ten 2 1/2 trucks arrived from 1st Battalion. Have been replaced by attached trucks on alert.

 

2050

Estimated that it would take 100 trucks to move Regt tactically.

 

2225

Gen Phelps instructed that 3rd Battalion would not be comitted unless by order of sector commander. Also indiscriminate firing N of Muzon must be stopped immediately.

   

2305

Lt Spira reported that Vouziers was bombed at 2030.

   

2355

1st Battalion reported that ME-109 passed. Flying NW approximately 1/2 miles N of Beaumont at 2355.

   

1 Jan 45 Raucourt, France

0100

Muzon Bridge strafed. No casualties.

 

0830

Indistinguishable type flares sighted. 3 red.

 

Azimuth 295 fr coord.

0928

2, at 0005 at five minute intervals to 0015. Sedan strafed by 1 plane at 0021.

 

No damage noted. Msg fr 2d Bn.

0930

Capt fr 740th here regarding attachment to 194th. Eight civilians taken as prisoners by 3d Bn. Fr 3d Bn: Patrol out, will be back after daylight.

 

Will give report of findings.

1130

606 Med Clr Det not attached to 194th, but under control of CO of this sector.

 

1135

Called Div regarding mail situation. Will let us know when we have incoming mail. May send outgoing mail through Div.

 

1140

1st Bn says that Engr Map 1:25,000 not accurate.

 

1145

Called Div regarding shower unit. CO wants unit moved to Regtl area. Div says shower unit not to be mobile. Unit will accommodate 150 men per hour - has 12 showers per unit.

 

1300

Capt Hunter left for Div in connection with shower unit.

   

1337

1st Bn reported Muzon Bridge strafed. No casualties. No damage.

   

1400

To 513th: Is anyone at control point at Montmedy?

   

1410

From 513th: Yes, somewhere in the vicinity.

   

1500

1st Bn sent 150 men to Div for showers.

   

1530

Lt Dobey reported in from Camp Mourmelon with Maj Hundley, Lt Jennings, Lt McGhee, and Commo section of Hq Co.

   

1700

Rec'd from Comm: Make plans to move on 2-hour notice. Verification by msg.

   

1700

From Capt Harrison: Regtl payroll will be either Fri or Sat. Must appoint Cl A Agent Os. Co Comdrs may make any man PFC without regard to T/O. Capt Brady transferred; must submit efficiency rating. General distribution will be held at base. PO will go with CP. Cpl Nyce will report forward as Regtl Mail Clerk.

   

1730

Col Baily instructed to be ready to move out at any time if necessary.

   

1815

CG instructed test msg in slidex. Send to G-3 immediately.

   

1820

Maj Fisher instructed that 24 trucks available now, and 10 additional on need.

   

1910

3d Bn needs 10 more trucks, now have 26 trucks. 20 standing by, 6 of their own.

   

1945

3d Bn reported flashes in their vicinitiy. Maj Peterson saw the same flashes.

   

2045

366th changing command, will not be attached to 194th.

   

2130

CO, S-2 & S-3 plus 17 EM left for Raucourt to report to Div CP.

   

2245

3d Bn given movement orders by Col Bailey after TP to Col Pierce.

   

2350

Advance party (Billeting) left Raucourt CP.

   

2400

3d Bn closed CP at 2400.

   

2 Jan 45 Raucourt, France

0040

PW picked up by MPs at Vouziers, interrogated, and sent to Div.

   

0100

Lt Evis VIII Corps instructed that maps at VIII Corps. (Forward) at 1000 today.

   

0135

1st Bn instructed to take one extra truck on movement and pick up all guides.

 

0245

Div instructed 194th to pick up more maps (1:25,000). Leave Local maps behind for unit coming into area.

 

 

0720

2nd Battalion strafed between 1930 and 2000.

 

One casualty.

 

0900

Rec'd adm Order No 1 from Div.

   

1100

Advance CP established at 362462.

 

1400

2nd Battalion reported that Div was furnishing 10 trucks for move.

 

1700

PW captured at Vouziers.

 

2100

Col Bailey decided to delay move until morning.

 

2315

C of S: 194th will move with least delay possible.

 

3 Jan 45 Raucourt, France and Magerotte, Belgium.

0045

CP at Raucourt closed. S-4 staying behind.

 

1200

CP established at Magerotte, Belgium (P451552).

 

1435

Civilian curfew will be fr 1800 to 0700.

 

Must have pass issued by CA Dets if duty to perform.

1445

3rd Battalion will rcn Hubermont for night attack.

 

1500

Capt Foxman reported all clearing will be through 224th Med Crl Det, except Hq Co & Sv Co, which will be handled by Regtl Medics.

   

1605

Complete written orders with overlays rec'd from Div.

   

1640

Msg from 3rd Battalion to CO: CP at 46.6 - 56.45 opened at 1030.

   

1730

Rec'd overlay from 513th. 1st Battalion will clear woods.

   

1800

Adm 0 No 1 cut and distributed.

 

1800

3 Trucks to be used by Unit for movement of troops.

 

2010

2 PWs identified as from 600 Armored Engrs.

   

2030

Staff meeting called by Col Pierce. Oral field order given. Instructions of concentrated Arty fire given. Time of attack given as 040815. Enemy situation given on all fronts effecting Division. Positions given in relation to other units; 87th on left, 101st on right. 11th Armored Div inreserve. 507th will follow at 4,000 yards. Plan for Regt: 10 & possibly 11 Arty in support. Two Battalions in assault. 3rd Battalion on right, 2nd Battalion on left, 1st Battalion in reserve. Primary mission given. 3rd Battalion given attached units, 2nd Battalion given attached units. Four TDs will be held under Regimental control. Will have air support. Identification given by orange or red panels. Be sure of needing air before calling for it. If called and later accomplishes mission without air support, be sure to cancel the order for support. Get identification, take prisoners, location and strength of own unit given, get location and strength of enemy. Reminders: Keep troops moving after Arty and Mortar concentrations. Use bazookas. Be sure to get reports back, so support can be given. Smoke situation discussed. Only call for WP when necessary. Men to have full canteens in case of wounds. There will be no fires except in daytime - dig in - jeep lights will not be used, not even cat eyes, forward of Regtl CP. Every unit required to furnish own security. Regtl CP will follow 3rd Battalion up to Missouri. Then follow 2nd Battalion. Be sure to get reports back. Report jump off and progress. Instruction given in order to get fire for Arty support. Seems as though enemy tanks have traveled on roads only. Discussion on use of tanks. Ringer - code name for tanks. Overshoes, overcoats and musette bags will be worn, gas masks will not. Password for 3-4 January, "Vigilance-watchful". Hang on to grenades, they are very useful. Germans don't like WP. Send back reports, no matter how. Watch for infiltrations, counterattacks, etc. Maneuver speed not necessary. Arty will have 10 minute attack. S-2 asked orgns to get information from enemy.

 

All units notified.

2210

Div has identifed: 19th SS Regt at 5463. 12th SS Regt at 6063.

 

90 Tanks in town.

2315

Enemy dead identified: 2nd Co, 928 Gren Battalion, ZVB

 

Quartering party formed.

4 Jan 45 Magerotte, Belgium (4555)

0820

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXxxxXXXXXXXXXXXX

   

0950

Msg received from 3d Battalion to CO: Left co contacted enemy at 458592 at 0825. Still moving forward.

 

Msg received from 3d Battalion to CO: Attached TDs have not yet reported. from 3d Battalion to CO: Left Co on road from RJ 457594.

0955

   

0955

   

0955

   

1050

 

1130

 

1130

 

1230

 

1240

 

1310

 

1355

Msg received from 3d Battalion to CO: C Co entering town of Renaumont.

 

Right Co positions unchanged.

1355

Msg received from 2d Battalion to CO: Send five litter bearers, two aid men, and one medical jeep in vicinity of 2d Battalion.

 

1355

Msg received from 3d Battalion to CO: Right company pinned down and digging in along line 475599 to 368597.

 

See overlay.

1445

 

1450

 

1500

 

1520

 

1530

 

1534

 

1545

 

1800

 

1850

 

1930

 

1930

 

2015

 

2030

 

2055

 

2055

 

2345

 

       

Additions to 4 Jan 45:

1100

Msg from 3d Battalion to CO: Leading elements 2d Battalion at 1000 were left 440595, right 450594.

 

Still moving.

 

1408

 

1430

 

1430

   

1505

   

5 Jan 45 Houmont, Belgium

0030

   

0030

   

0045

 

0050

   

0110

   

1245

Dispositions of attached units requested by Chalk Hq.

   

1300

No enemy activity as yet. Patrols sent out.

 

Negative reports turned in by patrols.

1905

Order Recd from Commodore 6. Col Stubbs to report to CG's office at 2000.

   

2100

Chalk Red 6 reptd to Chalk CP with disposition of Bn.

 

Plotted on map.

6 Jan 45

     

0700

From Commodore 6: Tanks rept moving from W heading E in Div Area.

 

All units notified.

0730

S-3 called Kangaroo 3 requesting Engrs clear section to Monty in order that we might move tanks to that area.

 

Complied with.

1200

Tank O rept to Chalk CP-will take 1 plat of tanks up to Monty and will assist Engrs in a road block at 512-589.

   

1220

Gen Whitelaw visited Chalk CP to discuss preparations for the 193rd CT to take over the town of Monty.

   

1240

Gen departed CP, Col Stubbs accompanied him.

   

1530

Col Stubbs returned with plans for offensive action. Meeting of Bn & Unit CO's called.

 

Plans announced and discussed.

1615

Commodore 2: PWE locations requested. Charlie Co receiving Mortar fire.

 

C Co to retaliate - not to let up fire.

1710

Mr. Cianci departed CO to locate new setup for establishment of forward CP.

   

1735

Col Oswald arrived CP - given time and types of fire by Chalk 6.

   

1745

Enemy Arty fire coming into vicinity of CP.

 

No damage.

2045

Meeting of all Bn CO', Atchd Unit CO's, Sp Unit CO's and all S-3's with Col Stubbs. Review of plans - preparations were discussed. 1st Bn objective - Town of Flamizoulle. 2nd Bn objective - Woods E of Monty.

   

7 Jan 45

     

0800

Arty opened fire on time. Lifted 0815. Col Stubbs, Maj Lee,Capt Guerry, Mr Cianci, plus Em pers moved to fwd CP located in town of Monty. Attack jumped off as scheduled.

   

0815

Co's D and F reach first phase line.

 

Plotted on map.

0900

1st Bn reports tanks failed to move up in front of their position.

 

Tanks ordered to move forward.

0902

326th desired information on whereabouts of 1st Bn.

   

0903

1st Bn reports no change in position.

   

0905

1st Bn reports crossed LD.

   

0908

2d Bn reports Co D had no trouble reaching phase line "A". E Co in trouble. Both Co's on 1st phase line. 1st Bn now on 1st phase line. Co A reached phase line "A". No word from B Co.

   

0913

Chalk 6 telephoned Chalk 5 giving situation forward to Commodore.

   

0915

Both Bns have reached first phase line. Moving forward slowly.

   

0919

Report Co D reached phase line "A" OK. Co E had trouble but succeeded to reach line. Co A reached 1st phase line. 88 fire held up tanks - unable to locate 88s.

   

0922

Point A-16 recd sniper pistol fire.

   

0925

513th jumped off on time - had little opposition.

   

0929

Tank O reports tanks moving with 1st Bn (4 tanks).

   

0932

1st Bn reports capture of 10 prisoners.

   

0938

2nd Bn still on phase line A - cannot advance due to MG fire.

 

Concentrating Arty fire laid on MG's position.

0949

1st Bn requested tank aid.

 

Tanks ordered to move on.

0959

2d Bn nearly to phase line B.

 

Recorded

1000

4 prisoners captured by A Co.

 

Taken to PWE.

1008

Request for Arty fire on points 16-14-23. Chalk 6 from Keepsake.

 

Chalk 5 requested same from Keepsake.

1008

A Co driver reports approx 1 platoon lost. Chalk White approaching phase line B.

 

Commodore 3 notified.

1015

From Chalk White: E Co 100 yards from phase line B, struck by heavy automatic fire and mortar fire. Estimate losses one platoon. Directed to have reserve Co proceed to D Co sector and outflank their positions. Keepsake advised as to situation and agrees to put down fire on phase line B.

   

1020

Listening radio pick-up statement that one Co of 1st Bn has taken objective.

 

Found to be Co "A".

1028

Arty fire requested on edge of woods South of point 13.

 

Keepsake - Chelsea notified.

1042

German Co., reserves, coming from A31 to A30. 101st Arty now registering fire on them. 513th reports one platoon SE edge of Flamierge.

   

1050

Tank attack on Bastogne road near 480-523.

   

1050

B Co. has reached 2nd phase line.

   

1055

4 Prisoners taken in A Co. sector, 2 taken 6 Jan and 2 this date, Enemy found to be from 104th Reg, 11th Co, 15th Grenadiers. Reg was reinforced by 100 men last night. Brings Co strength up 25 men. They have assault guns, exact number unknown.

 

Commodore notified at 1100.

1114

Reported that tanks have arrived with troops.

   

1115

1st Bn pinned down due largely to 88 fire. C Co. replacing A Co. Both Bns have committed reserves.

 

Information given to Lia. O at 1125.

1120

A Co being withdrawn into defensive position in vicinity phase line A.

   

1140

Arty fire hitting town

   

1142

B Co. 1st Bn receiving light counterattack.

   

1147

8 German prisoners taken from C Co sector. Found to be from 3d, 10th & 11th Cos. Of the 104th Reg, 3d Bn. Enemy in 1st Bn objective.

   

1155

513th have captured town of Flamierge.

   

1210

Gen Miley visited Chalk fwd CP.

   

1215

Receiving mortar fire near CP.

   

1240

Reports that 513th firing on B Co.

 

Gen Miley ordered the 513th to cease fire immediately.

1245

Arty fire requested on the following points: 10, 11, 12, 13, and 16. One platoon A Co reported with 2nd Bn.

   

1310

Mortar shell hit near CP. Several casualties.

   

1320

Points 5 and 6 clearing.

 

Request repeat of MSG. Reply: Clearing woods.

1325

Requesting fire by the defensive phase line at grid coord: 486624-489625 4906.

   

1330

E Co. in trouble, F Co. committed. This is all I have. MSG came from 2nd Bn.

   

1410

Tank support being sent to 2nd Bn.

   

1410

Commodore 6 visited rear CP. Made arrangements for Arty concentration on pts. 19 and 22.

 

Concentration fired.

1435

From 2nd Bn: D & F Co abreast E Co in rear as reserve. Pinned down by Arty fire. Suggest withdrawal.

   

1450

   

1500

Direct hit scored on forward CP. Casualties as yet unknown.

   

1515

Second concentration of Arty fired on pts. 19-21.

   

1515

"Screaming Meemies" hit fwd CP.

   

1530

Gen Whitelaw visited CP stated that Gen Miley directs withdrawal under cover of darkness.

   

1530

27 Prisoners being sent to Div.

   

1535

Col Stubbs departing fwd CP to join rear CP. Fwd CP to join rear CP, joining in sections.

   

1545

Col Stubbs returned to rear CP. Plans for the withdrawal of troops being planned.

   

1620

Chalk White withdrawing. Arty and Mortar fire extremely heavy. Chalk Red occupies position it held prior to attack this AM.

 

Commodore 6 notified. Keepsake to fire Arty at pts. A12, 13, 25, and 37.

1700

Arty concentration asked for on pts. A13, 14, 15 & 16.

 

Concentration fired.

1730

4 men, 3 Off. Captured in C Co area.

   

2100

Co A recd MG fire - requested Arty fire.

   

2230

11th Armored Gen Holbruk, CCA informed us he was in position shown on operations map to support counterattack, such action only with permission of Corps. Liaison O Ross CCA reported for duty at CP. Gen Holbruk shown our situation.

   

2300

Lt Sames given instructions for 2 night patrols. Patrols leave at 0130 return at 0430. F Co to fill in gap between Chalk Red and A Co of 327th.

   

8 Jan 45

0500

Chalk Red: Patrols unable to penetrate enemy positions. Went out 500 to 600 yards, stopped by MG fire.

   

0515

Chalk White 2 observed orange prcht flare to their right flank, also tracer fire 300 yards to front in woods.

   

0600

Chalk Red 2: Arty fire hitting into woods over C Co from direction of Red CP. Burst followed by whistle.

   

0745

Chalk Red recd Arty fire and MG fire. Situation unknown. Line at forward CP knocked out.

 

Col Schorr alerted Chalk White.

0830

Ordered all units to search out MG fire.

   

1000

513th being attacked by tanks and infantry.

 

Withdrawing.

1005

Commodore 5: Chancellor being hit hard in their sector from N and NW.

 

Chalk Red notfied to have tanks and TD's ready.

1010

Chalk 6 held meeting of all Bn CO's, SP units, and Atchd Unit CO's.

   

1012

Chelsea Liaison O: Enemy MG fire located at 507614. 8-truck enemy convoy spotted moving between Fays and Rheuehe.

 

Arty fire placed on enemy position. 3 trucks known to have turned back. 

1150

To Chalk Red: Units of Chariot in woods - make contact with them. Contact us when same is made.

 

1215

2nd Bn alerted to move through Monty between Chalk Red and Chariot. 

 

 

1220

B Co 1st Bn receiving Mortar fire. Gen Whitelaw visited CP. 

 

 

1230

63rd Inf - 11th Armored moved A Co into woods near Bois des Valet. 

 

 

1730

2 Patrols being sent out at 1930 to return at 2100. 

 

Negative report. 

1730

Upon request fire to be concentrated on the following points: 4910 - 6010 - 4912 - 6610 - 4918 - 6000 - 4932 - 5982.

   

1800

Order from Commodore: Be prepared to take over from Champs to present positions.

 

Chalk 3 & Chalk White 3 sent to investigate area, observe positions, etc.

1900

Col Harper (Keepsake) visited CP - Planned with Chalk 6 method & manner of relief.

   

9 Jan 45

     

0200

Chalk Red reports Monty being shelled by mortar fire.

   

0205

Chalk Red 3 reports searchlight at 330 from his forward CP.

   

0500

5 rounds Arty fire at Regtl CP.

   

0600

Order received from Commodore as to plans and preparations to be put into effect.

   

0615

2 Co's reptd at Pt A2 and 3.

   

0655

5 Tanks parked at 495-607.

   

0655

Unknown number of tanks at 486-614.

   

0845

Red 6 told to reconnoiter woods at 522-611 for possible reserve position, also OP which will have to be dug in.

   

0925

Gen Whitelaw visited Chalk CP.

   

0935

Ordered Chalk White 6 to have all AT guns in their present positions until further notice.

   

1020

Advance party of Chariot arrived at CP of Chalk Red. Chancelor taking over Chalk White positions.

   

1115

Commodore 5 and 6 visited Chalk CP.

   

1200

Col Coutts outlined positions of area being taken over by Chancelor.

   

1305

C Co. under Arty fire.

   

1400

Elements of 602 TD Atchd to Chalk CT.

 

Elements divided between Bns.

1315

Chalk White moving out. Regtl Hq foot elements moving out to new location.

   

1415

Chalk White cleared old area.

   

1430

Advance CP party departing Chalk CP for new area.

   

1450

Chalk 5 departed CP for new location.

   

1500

S-1 Section departed CP. Arrived new location 1630. New CP established at Hemroulle.

   

1845

Keepsake Red reports that enemy building up in Givery - amount unknown.

   

1845

Keepsake 2 reports vehicle traffic going SW from Givery to Frenet. Number unknown.

   

2130

Chalk White reports contact made with elements on right flank.

 

Plotted

10 Jan 45

     

0900

Chalk White 2 reports mortar fire in vicinity of CP.

   

0900

Chalk White 2 reports men digging in at 51756280.

   

1030

Gen Whitelaw visited Chalk CP, consulted with Chalk 6.

   

1045

Meeting of Bn, Sp Unit, and Atchd Unit CO's.

   

1050

Chalk 3: Requested Commodore to send detail of mine sweepers, demolition men to clear area of 2nd Bn

   

1100

Chelsea reports an estimated Bn of enemy troops in woods in grid square 50-61.

 

Requested Arty fire on area.

1145

Commodore reports that Flamizoulle will be bombed this morning.

   

1147

12 Fighter Planes of US Forces heard over Chalk CP.

   

1245

Commodore 2 reports town of Renoumont bombed. Also woods 2 miles N of same town. Town also appears to be evacuated. Burning vehicle observed in town. No troops observed in wooded area.

 

Recorded on Situation Map. Commodore 6 notified.

1245

Unidentified tank 3/4 mile from Renaumont heading South.

   

1430

S1 & S4 moved to new CP.

   

1500

Established new CP in center of town. No activity during the night. Patrol reports, negative.

   

11 Jan 45

     

0330

Chalk White 5 reports an enemy patrol was inside our lines. Patrol from Chalk White reports 4 halftracks at 507627 moving North.

   

0720

Chalk White 2 reports about 8 rounds of 155 Arty falling around Chalk White CP.

   

0809

Chalk Red reports enemy infantry activity at Cross Roads 508609.

 

Commodore notified.

0955

Report from Chalk White that enemy Scout Car sighted at 506626. Moving N.

   

1042

OP Chalk White observed Rocket Launcher at 498626.

 

Arty Fire requested.

1315

Charlie Co. receiving 88 fire.

 

Arty Fire requested. Observation Plane to check area in vicinity of 487-623.

1500

Captain Hart AT O. given positions to place AT protection around the Regt.

   

1600

2 patrols to be sent out after dark for recon work.

   

1810

From Chalk White 6. Tanks moving down SW of Givery. He requests Arty fire.

 

Supporting Arty notified.

1830

Unknown number of tanks moving from Rouett to Givery.

   

2115

Planes dropped leaflets in Chalk White area.

 

Leaflets sent to Div.

2130

Chariot captured 30 men, 1 Officer, at 48456078. Left to reorganize the 9th PZ Div. Prisoners were in Flamierge & were to move to 48456078.

   

2320

Chalk Red patrol reports: Heard vehicle movement in woods.

   

12 Jan 45

     

0415

Eco sent combat patrol to locate enemy using sound power telephone.

   
 

Illuminating shells or flares every 15 or 20 minutes.

   

0715

Chalk White observed green and amber flares.

   

0745

From G3 Commodore: Warning order to turn over 3 TDs.

 

Chalk 5 called G3, asked for return of our AT outfits.

0930

1st Bn relieved of their positions by 513th at approx 2000 11 Jan.

   

0930

Chalk White 3 reports small arms fire coming from Givert. Lights observed in houses.

 

Arty fire requested.

1135

Chalk White sent out daylight patrol at approx 1100. Patrol has met up with something in woods west of positions.

 

Chalk White will notify Chalk as to results.

1155

Chalk 5 alerted Hqs & Hqs Co. to be prepared for movement.

   

1250

Chalk White reports capture of 2 prisoners.

 

Turned over to unit IPW team for interrogation.

1320

Chalk White captured 3 more prisoners.

 

Being interrogated.

1320

Prisoner No. 1 captured by Chalk White comes from 5th Co 77th Reg, VG Div. Prisoner's Co has between 90-100 men. One of the stronger Cos of the VG Div. He had been in woods for 4 days.

   

1415

60 to 100 men reported to be movin NW at 511630.

   

1700

Chalk Red reports that 12-15 rounds of Arty fire fell nearby their positions.

   

1800

Det. Of 12 men atchd to Chalk CT from Co A 139th Engrs.

 

Det. Atchd to 1st Bn.

1820

E Co. reports motor movement at 501623. Movement from S to N.

   

2330

Warning order received from Commodore thru Capt. Lyerly, 193rd CT has mission of clearing Flamizoulle and follow 507th N clearing all woods in vicinity.

 

Chalk 6 held meeting with Bn. COs. Briefing plans and preparations were installed. 1st Bn. to be prepared to leave at 0830.

13 Jan 45

     

0110

Chalk White patrol reports; did not reach objective. No movement in Givery. Outposts investigated - None.

   

0815

Arty barrage opening up in support of attack.

   

0830

I & R Platoon to precede 1st Ban. Keep contact with 513th ad 1st Bn.

   

0840

155 FA Bn released from Chalk and atchd to 513th.

   

1000

From Liaison O Chariot: Ans to questions NR1 Cpl Pierson now checking route will report. Ans to question NR2: No; suggest Engrs assist Chariot. Chariot White reached 1st phase line 0930.

   

1005

Chariot Red and Blue still occupy town and woods x respectively. All Chariot N Bastogne Hwy, will report further.

   

1025

Liaison O: Charlotte reached 1st phase line without opposition. Chancellor moving in support.

   

1030

Gen. Whitelaw visited CP.

   

1040

Chalk Red moving out.

   

1110

Reg CO, Ex O, and S3 moved to Monty.

   

1052

From Liaison O: Chariot Red now moving to pass through Chariot White. Continue to phase line 2. Blue still occupies woods X. Am now moving to town P with Chariot 6.

   

1230

Rear CP moved forward at 1230.

   

15 Jan 45

1200

Reg CP established at Frenct. Received orders from Div. To move to Bertogne. Atchd to Batman. Reg moved into assembly area SE of Bertogne approx 1600, where Chalk Red was immediately moved by truck to defensive positions N of Nourville in CCA sector. Reg atchd to CCA w/193d less 2nd Bn., 2nd AT Platoon N of Nourville under Task Force Stubbs. Reg. CP est. in Withimost atchd to Task Force Bell in position.

   

0800

At 1000 Task Force Bell to attack with Task Force Stubbs assisting with fire through the attack

   

1107

Task Force Bell reports that they have reached Western Edge of objective. No resistance.

   

1111

From CO Chalk Red: Patrol reports negative for 1st quarter hour.

   

1124

From CO Chalk White: Objective taken.

   

1136

From CO Chalk White: Request IPW team be sent me.

 

Team sent.

1145

From Chalk Red: My patrol has reached halfway point without incident.

   

1245

Fwd echelon CP moved out to new location.

   

1310

Est fwd Chalk CP at grid coord 557646.

 

Rear CP notified.

1343

From Chalk Red: Patrol reports enemy activity at Fazone (stream) grid coord 758900.

   

1345

Now firing Arty on Area A.

 

Objective hit.

1400

From Chalk Red: Two prisoners captured.

 

Returned to PWE at one at Bloodstains location.

1405

From Chalk Red: Patrol reports enemy MG fire to their left rear.

 

Arty fire to be placed on area.

1410

Arty fire on woods east of Area A.

 

Chalk Red 6 notified.

1415

Monarch directs movement of big stuff towards objective to be expedited.

 

Notified Batman of same and to contact Chalk Red immediately.

1420

2 prisoners brought to Chalk CP by EM of B Co.

 

Questioned by S2.

1425

Continuing and mopping up as we go. Picking up prisoners. Report from Chalk Red.

 

Request No. of prisoners. Reply: A few.

1445

Chalk 5 reported to CP.

   

1455

From CO Chalk Red: Now engaged in mopping up & taking prisoners.

   

1458

2 prisoners brought to Chalk CP.

 

Questioned.

1503

3 more prisoners brought in. White phosphorous 200 yards SE edge of obj.

 

Questioned

1515

From CO Chalk Red: Pinned down by MG fire on my right. Bn S3 reports front line at 567668. Now pinned down.

   
 

Reported that town of Compogne has been taken - 200 prisoners captured. "B" men questioned as to B Co. position.

   

1540

Arty ordered to fire smoke on area for Red. Shells falling to left of target.

   

1555

Tanks moving in to support Chalk Red.

   

1615

Chalk Red held up by slight resistance but now moving forward. About 800 yards from objective.

   

1630

Chalk White now back with 193d.

   

1635

Total No. of prisoners brought to PWE 20.

   

1730

Chalk Red holding up for the night. Sending patrols into town.

 

Patrols found town vacated.

16 Jan 45

     

0800

Chalk Red objective taken during early morning. Awaiting further orders.

   

1000

Quartering party sent out to locate new CP.

   

1045

Forward element of Chalk departed for new CP location.

   

1130

Arrived and est. new CP in town of Compogne.

   

1300

Rear elements of Chalk CP plus Reg. Hq. Co. arrived at new CP location.

   

1330

Col. Stubbs departed CP for Recon.

   

1500

Quartering party departed CP to locate new location.

   

1600

Est. new CP in Nabompre at approx. 1545.

   

1700

Rear elements of CP arrived at approx. 1730.

   

2000

TF Stubbs organizes defensive in sector, establishes Bn. with CCB on right flank, coords patrols with CCB and Task Force Bell. Established road blocks and obstacles as required, especially at Vie Cowan.

   

17 Jan 45

0400

Reports from prisoners taken vicinity of road block. 15 prisoners captured. Est. 80 Germans located in Cowan with strong point west of the twon. Unable to put in proposed road block as yet. Sporadic fighting in SE sector, of Chalk Red. CCB reported to have outpost along Hwy 2. Contact was made with same at 610700.

   

1000

Mr. Cianci departed CP to reconnoiter area for housing of 193d Regt.

 

Regt. Found section crowded, departed for Bertogne.

1115

Report from S2 Chalk Red that Co C has received small arms fire and Mortar fire.

 

Arty fired indirection of fire falling upon C Co.

1245

CCA visited CP. Departed at 1305.

   

1530

Regt being relieved by 507th. Reverted back to Div. Control. Mission at present time: AT Defense on main road EW leading to Vouge.

   

18 Jan 45

     

0800

Regt. Remained in rest area.

   

19 Jan 45

     

1100

Meeting of 1st Bn Co & Co Comdrs with Col Stubbs at 1300. Meeting at 1300 of same officers only from 2nd Bn.

   

1400

Regt still in rest area. Reports of S2 and S3 submitted throughout the day and night to Div.

   

20 Jan 45

     

1100

Received FO #6 from Commodore thru Lt. Weaver. Mission for Div, is to attack H Hour on 21 Jan 45 to capture objective and defeat enemy in Z. 193d Gli. Inf. Is to move to position shown on Div. O (overlay).

 

Sent various Officers to reconnoiter areas.

1300

Capt. Lyerly, Liaison O, brought change in FO. 193d position changed slightly. Assembly area further south. (See overlay). Move upon Div orders.

   

1330

Chalk 6 held meeting with Bn. COs prepare for movement.

   

1400

At approx 1200, Col Marshall, Deputy Historian Theatre of Operations in ETO interviewed Col Stubbs, Col Schorr, Col Balish, and Col Ashworth on events that occurred during recent operations.

   

21 Jan 45

     

0800

Submitted negative reports to G2 and G3 throughout the night. At approx 0400 received orders from Commodore giving H-Hour, time of departure, etc.

   

1015

Quartering party consisting of representatives from each Bn and Reg Hq Co. to locate new CP and assembly area.

   

1430

Advance CP party arrived approx 1400. Est. CP in woods at grid coord. At approx 1500 remainder of troops arrived at CP locations.

   

1545

Main body of troops arrived. Troops dug in.

   

22 Jan 45

     

0800

A quartering party consisting of representatives of each Bn, Reg Hq. And Reg Hqs Co departed for new location.

   

1130

Established new CP at Rouvroy Farm.

   

1309

2nd Bn. to occupy the woods, NE sector, 1st Bn. to follow and occupy northern section of woods and set up positions. 2nd Bn. to outpost the woods to the east. Reg. Hq. To follow both Bns. Bn. COs given order to depart for for areas as soon as possible. AT platoon ordered to move out and set up respective defensive positions. 2nd Bn vehicles to move along with respective Bns. Forward echelon of CP to leave current CP at 1345.

   

1400

Gen. Miley came to CP. Instructed Col. Schorr as to disposition of troops. Arty Liaison Os and TDs being atchd.

   

1415

Quartering party departed CP to locate new area with I&R patrol and 20 man patrol from E Co.

   

1430

Rear CP plus Hq. Co. moved forward to new location, town 1/2 mile S of Limerle.

   

1500

Reg. CP est. in town of Halt, name given in lieu of actual name of town.

   

1600

Advance CP group arrived ahead of quartering party. Est CP in town of Halt. Bn. quartering parties reconnoitering their locations.

   

2300

Lts Piper and Mullet to be awakened at 0430. Os will receive instructions for patrols starting at 0530 23 Jan 45. 6 I&R men plus two radio operators to be alerted at same time.

   

23 Jan 45

     

0200

All tanks of 761st have been atchd to 513th. They are not available to support us.

   

0300

G3 states that Arty will be available to us for direct support.

   

0330

Chalk Red Patrol investigated town of Hautbellain. Found to be empty at approx 2030.

   

0700

Order of movement: 2nd Bn 811th, 1st Bn. Orders to 1st Bn from Chalk 6. Follow about 300 or 400 yards. If visibility is good, fall back as far as 500 yards. Time of departure 230830. 257th FA Bn is direct support.

   
 

Code names given the following towns: Hautbellain-to be called Mexico, Huldange to be called Peru. Woods to known as Desert.

   

0710

Report from Lt. Mullet; Reached Mexico, Arty falling to my South.

   

0745

MSG from Patrol; Mexico OK advise trip there.

   

0750

MSG from Patrol: Have checked Mexico; our friends left last night at 2200.

   

0830

Advance CP group departed for new location in Mexico.

   

1000

Mexico received heavy Arty fire. 2nd Bn held up. Told not to enter under those conditions.

   

1100

Chalk Red ordered to hold up and send Ln O. to our temp. CP located at 725745.

   

1120

Col Stubbs left for town. Will keep contact with us.

   

1125

Chalk Red 6 arrived at CP. 2nd Bn ordered to send on Co. into Mexico to clean up.

   

1415

Moved temp. CP back into the town of Mexico. 2nd Bn moving into town of Mexico. No Arty shelling for some time. Ordered to put out extensive patrolling.

   

1420

Maj. Lee departed to look over Mexico for possible CP location.

   

1540

Chalk 3 does not advise us to move CP location fwd. CP to remain as is. Both Bns in woods, 2nd Bn has progressive patrols out beyond Mexico.

   

1730

Lt. Piper returned to fwd CP. Reported findings to Chalk 6 and 3.

   

1815

Chalk 3 requests information as to Chalk White's front Lines, so as toplace Arty defensive fire down on enemy area.

   

1820

Received new atk order for 24 Jan 45. Regt has new mission. Chalk White Bn. will lead off at approx 0830.

 

Chalk 6 sending I&R patrol to reconnoiter areas.

1905

Chalk White 2 reports capture of ten PWs from patrol, also have some No. Unknwon

   

1950

PWE located at Steinback.

   

1950

French patrol brought back 9 PWs. Reports approx 120 Germans in town of Peru.

 

PWs being sent to rear CP for Interrogation. Peru to be shelled.

1800

3 man patrol from E Co. went into Desert, found it empty. Many emplacements found. Wattermat burning saw French running out of woods there.

   

2130

Chalk White reports Arty, Rockets landing within area.

   

2130

Chalk 6 requests Chalk White 6 & 3 report to CP.

   

2155

French patrol discovered Co CP at farm called Fallmuhle. Estimate 200 Germans at Peru. Captured 4 PWs of 12 man patrol.

 

After 2400 Arty to be concentrated on Peru.

INSERT

     

1630

Dog White patrol captured 10 PWs at 747751. 10 more at 750760. Reports skirmish between French and Germans in Desert.

   

1800

French Recon patrol reports Peru strongly held (150 men) captured 9 PWs in skirmish vicinity 765749, report road mined between Mexico and Peru, bridges blown at 748744 and 752745.

   

2130

Red contact patrol to Chancellor at 2115, left security posted at 2130. Right security at 2120.

   

2145

Commodore 2 IPW information: PWs state they are to hold at all costs. AT Co. located in vicinity of Wattermatt. 560th VG recognized.

   

2400

Chalk White 2 reports shelling NWR's fire.

   

24 Jan 45

     

0010

Route patrol back. Reports road to Peru excellent. Small group of enemy in woods 756750.

   

0200

Chalk White 5 reports estimated 12 rounds 75s fell in their sector.

   

0428

Chalk White 2 reports Arty landing CP area TD lines to unit out.

   

0515

Commodore 3 called: Our mission called off. We are to hold tight. Commodore 6 will visit our CP at 0830.

   

0715

Report from Arty unit will fire on Peru again this morning.

   

0845

Casualties from Chalk White: 1 KIA, 1 WIA, 12 evac for various ailments.

   

1010

Chalk White patrol leader reports PWs taken at 749752 at 0930. Patrol continued into woods. Chalk White OP reports 1 man left woods at 759751 and went into Bldg at 760-755.

   

1030

Chancellor reports snipers in the Desert. Notified patrol.

   

1215

Orders recd to attack. Sending out strong combat patrol. Chalk White Bn will move forward. Requesting Arty to be prepared to support our advance.

   

1300

Chalk White patrol recd heavy Arty fire.

 

Concentrating Arty on direction of enemy fire.

1410

Reports from Chalk White Patrol: 20men running away from Desert.

   

1440

E Co. no winto obj. Alerted balance of Chalk White Bn.

   

1445

Having Tank support move with 2nd Bn.

   

1500

1 Bn of 513th in our Obj in woods. Col Stubbs ordered 2d Bn move up immediately. Forward element of Chalk White still receiving Arty fire.

 

Chalk White moving out at 1515.

1515

Chalk 6 alerted Chalk Red. Commodore 66 arrived at CP. Consulted with Chalk 6. Enemy firing WP on patrol.

   

1615

Friendly Arty fire fell on our troops at following points: 721-745 - 5 rds, 736-742 - 8 to 10 rds, 726-746 - 10 Rds, 741-747 - several rds.

 

Instructed Ln O 274th to stop same. He notified his unit. Firing stopped approx 1715.

1730

Rear echelon of CP arrived.

   

1745

Ln O from Commodore brought in plans for tomorrows operation. 193d will support by fire the 194th in their atack on Hundange at 0800.

   

1800

D and E Co. in woods. F Co just passed N part of town.

 

Chalk 6 ordered Chalk Red to start movement.

1830

Report that Arty is falling short of Chalk White ahead of Desert. Foot elements of Regt Hq departed for new location.

   

1845

Commodore: You will estab two rd blocks as soon as possible at following pts: Phony Cord 424-432 and 424-449.

   

1850

Give location or locations by phony cord of any Arty falling near your position.

   

1925

MSG from Chalk Red: We have passed thru Mexico (1916).

   

1926

From Chalk Red: (1918) Friendly Arty falling on our troops.

   

2000

Advance CP group departed for new area.

   

2145

Arrived at destination in woods. Waited for rear CP personnel and Hq Co to arrive. Estab Chalk CP at approx 2400.

   

0800

Bns in position awaiting future enemy action. Had patrols sent out. Neg Rept.

   

1000

Recd orders that the Div was reld in that sector. Prepare for movement to assembly area.

   

1130

Quartering party fr ea Bns and Regtl Hq departed for new location.

   

1145

Advance CP group moved out to estab new CP in assembly area.

   

26 Jan 45

     

0600

Quartering party departed for Div. Hq.

   

1200

Advance CP grp left for new area. Div to relieve 26th Div. Troops following by truck convoy.

   

1900

Estab Regtl CP in Wiltz. Regtl Hq arrived at 2400. Bns also housed in Wiltz. Awaited further orders.

   

27 Jan 45

     

0900

Maj Lee departed for Div Hq. Sent MSG back to be prepared to move. We are to relieve elements of the 80th Div. Col left for conference with CG.

   

1615

Advance CP group departed for new location. Arrived at approx 0800. Estab CP in Buckholz.

   

2400

Hq & Hq Co arrive. Chalk White Bn sent patrol to investigate town of Hosingen. No enemy found, but many mines, booby traps. Second patrol of 25 men sent into same town.

   

28 Jan 45

     

0920

From Commodore 5: Have tanks arrived? In any event be prepared to Attack at 1000 on Div. order.

 

Msg to Com 5: Tanks arrived but movement restricted because of mines. Engrs urgently needed.

0950

Second patrol of Chalk White found town empty. Civilians state enemy departed 280200.

 

F Co going into town to set up defense.

1130

Gen Miley visited CP, plan of Chalk discussed.

   

1300

Capt Hughes, 5th Div, visited CP ref to disposition of our troops.

   

1440

From Chalk White 6: Receiving 1 rd of Arty per minute in So Sector. F Co captured 3 prisoners.

 

Being interrogated.

1520

Capt from 6th Cal Rcn reptd to CP, consulted Chalk 6 as to our positions.

   

29 Jan 45

     

0800

Pattrol ent out last evening reported enemy located at 834583. Fired upon. Lt Piper reported same. Unabe to advance. Estab OP. Enemy on hills Jack and Ace.

   

0930

Lt Col from 6th Cal Rcn reptd to CP to check on positions now held by us - to be taken over.

 

Info given.

0935

Chalk 6 held meeting with Chalk Red and White 6.

   

1220

Commodore 66 arrived at CP - talked over dispositions and plans for further oper.

   

1245

Chalk White reports that Right Regt is tking PWs from woods 825-575 - 835-575 at approx 0950.

   

1300

Report on PWs taken from Hosinger - Time 0900. PWs from Hq Co 988 VG Regt, 276th Div.

   

1300

Col & Lt Col of 6th Cal Rcn gp visited Chalk CP.

   

1400

Chalk Red and White attacking their obj as shown on situation map.

   

1615

Enemy withdraws down drak E from Ace. Arty and mortar fire on N side of Ace (840-579).

   

1648

Chalk White nearing knoll - being hit with heavy arty and mortar fire.

   

1630

Northern obj abandoned, 18 wounded out of 20 that were engaged. Met by very heavy MG and Arty fire.

   

1740

Chalk White failed in attempt to take obj. Arty and mortar fire coming from Siegfried Line. 11 losses. Situation: Line of departure just N of King into woods thru draw, curve of woods. Time of withdrawal 1730. 30 men with Lt. Christianson could not cross open ground. Bn assisted by tanks which fired into woods. Encountered little small arms fire. Advance stopped by Arty and mortar fire which fell in rolling barrages. F and D Co recd fire at same time. Ace position was smoked by 4.2 mortars to cloud observer but failed help. Believe mortar observer located at Jack. Casualties: 15 wounded.

   

2200

Patrol from 6th Cav departed on recon at 1930. Recon being made in Southern sector. Patrol from Chalk departing at 0300 for recon of Northern Sector.

 

Arty to be notified on return of patrol. Will put harassing fire on enemy CP and mortar positions. Arty to cross fire in N sector during mission of Chalk Patrol.

30 Jan 45

     

0130

Report on Hammer White patrol: Started down rd E from H, oved down trail paralleling rd at 832-580, then down trail. Saw 1 Teller mine 848-576, continued down rd saw telephone line, followed it N up across main rd where considerable talking and milling around was observed at 851-579. One German observed on main rd at 840-580, he walked down and turned in to suspected CP. One truck heard moving on road across R SE of Obsr Eisenbach at 2130. Amber flares observed to SE across river.

   

0630

Report from Div Recon patrol: Moved down rd to Queen, encountered 12 man enemy patrol at 837-593, both dispersed, fired on by rifles from draw to NE and by MG from vicinity 847-592. Observed something burning vicinity of Honicht. Same flames at 2300.

   

0730

Report from Chalk Patrol: Patrol departed 0300. Moved along edge of woods at 828-589, continued E down draw to point S of hill at 843-593. Between 0400 and 0500 very much enemy activity, coughing, cracking brush, barking signal in woods along draw. Observed amber flash signals from vicinity hill 840-597. Trail at 543-590 has well-traveled foot path. Amber flare signal seen vicinity house at 543-590. Single truck heard moving vicinity rd at 845-596 and 847-584. At 0600 retd found emplacement and MG along hedgerow at 836-592.

   

1000

Gen Whitelaw visited CP, discussed situation with Chalk 6. Departed 1045.

   

1320

28th Cal gp have taken hill Ace, setting up OP.

   

1335

Alerted Lt. Piper and 2 men to be ready to move out to recon areas.

 

Sent pers from Chalk White to gd Op on Jake.

1800

Col Day called - plans to send 2 patrols out, cross river, enter town, will depart at approx 2000.

   

1805

No rept from Lt. Piper, trying to contact him.

   

1900

From Commodore: Convoy of enemy vehicles in vicinity of Basburg, believed to be moving S along highway. Verified by Lt. Piper at fwd OP. He believes convoy moving N to S - reptd by Lt. Piper at 1930.

 

Chelsea placing interdiction and harassing fire. 4 rds per hr CR and vicinity.

1500

Red patrol oriented for patrol mission to observe N sector to River Our and opposite bank and Westwall defenses. Patrol to start at 2300. Blue patrol to move through central sector of Chalk to move into forward OP to observe river. Patrol to start 2400.

   

2300

Div Recon patrol encountered 15 man enemy patrol to our north. Killed 9 and caused remaining group to disperse.

   

31 Jan 45

     

0830

Chalk OP at point 842-590 heard German voices from vicinity of draw 843-584.

   

1012

Rifle and MG fire heard by OP approx 1000 yds distance at 60 degree azimuth.

   

1310

Report from OP on Jack: Saw a 5-man enemy patrol moving East.

   

1415

Chalk White Relieved. Departed for Wiltz. Gen Whitelaw visited CP.

   

1530

Advance CP group departed for Wiltz.

   
J. R. Pierce

Colonel, Infantry

Commanding

GLOSSARY

CHALK RED - First Battalion, consisting of A, B, and C Companies

CHALK WHITE - Second Battalion, consisting of D, E, and F Companies

CT - Combat Team

SA - Small Arms (fire)

CCA - Combat Command A

Regt - Regiment, Regimental

Hqs - Headquarters

Bn - Battalion, battalions

Div - Division

GIR - Glider Infantry Regiment

PIR - Parachute Infantry Regiment

Inf - Infantry

Eng - Engineers

CO - Commanding Officer

PW - Prisoners of War

TF - Task Force

CG - Commanding General

MG - Machine Gun

OP - Observation Post




books
R E L A T E D   B O O K S

Ambrose, Stephen E D-DAY June 6,1944: The Climatic Battle of WW II. 6/93, Simon & Shuster ISBN: 0671673343
Badsey , Stephen & Chandler, David G (Editor)  Arnhem 1944: Operation "Market Garden" (Campaign No.24) 1993 96p. ISBN: 1855323028
Black, Wallace B.& Blashfield, Jean F. Battle of the Bulge (World War II 50th Anniversary Series). Crestwood House, 48 pp May,1993 ISBN: 0896865681
Blair, Jr, Clay Ridgeway's Paratroopers: The American Airborne in WW II. New York: Doubleday, 1985 588 p. ISBN: 0385278888
Bradley, James Flags of Our Fathers Bantam (May 2,2000), 384 p. ISBN: 0553111337
Breuer, William B Geronimo! American Paratroopers in WWII. New York: St. Martin Press, 1989 621 p. ISBN: 0-312-03350-8
D'Este, Carlo  Patton: A Genius for War 1024 pp ISBN: 0060927623
De Trez, Michel  At the Point of No Return : Pictorial History of the American Paratroopers in the Invasion of Normandy 7/98, D-Day Pub, 200 p. ISBN: 2960017617
Gavin, James M.  On to Berlin : Battles of an Airborne Commander, 1943-1946 ISBN: 0670525170
Golden, Lewis Echoes From Arnhem Penguin ISBN: 0718305213
MacDonald, Charles B  A Time For Trumpets: The Untold Story of the Battle of the Bulge Wm Morrow & Co (P), 720 p. ISBN: 068151574
McKenzie, John  On Time, On Target Novato, CA: Presidio, May 15,2000. 304 p. ISBN: 089 141 714 1
Ryan, Cornelius  A Bridge Too Far 670p. ISBN: 0684803305
Wildman, John B All Americans 82nd Airborne. Meadowlands Militaria, 6/83 ISBN:091 208 1007
The Center of Military History The War in the Mediterranean: A WWII Pictorial History Brasseys, Inc., 465 p. ISBN:1574881302
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